Fish Oil For Childhood Asthma Prevention?

Pregnant women entering their third trimester were randomized to receive daily supplements containing either fish oil or a placebo.
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Applying Behavioral Research for the Health of the Self

A look at research-backed approaches to favorable behavioral change.
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Reducing Waist, Part 2

Here are a few more multi-move, abdominal-sculpting exercises to help you shape up.
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Turmeric: World’s Oldest Superspice?

Researchers are testing the effects of turmeric on everything from achy joints to blood sugar management and finding various promising results.
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Three Destination Races to Escape the Cold

This winter, if you happen to live in a northern city, why not indulge your inner snowbird and plan to join a road race in a temperate clime of spectacular beauty?
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Pokémon Go Update: Research Weighs In

Enhanced reality gaming may not simply be an irritating distraction preventing kids from enjoying the unenhanced outdoors.
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The Clinic

When Nerve Pain Calls for MRI
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Simply Stressed or Overtrained?
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Sodium Consumption Concerns
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Hypothyroid Meds Should Mitigate Performance Declines
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The Back Page

The Path Ahead

The future for American Running and its running medicine professionals, AMAA in blunt medical terms: in critical care.
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Soccer Concussions Rise, With Treatment Less Certain

Even as awareness of youth football-related head injury increases among the populus, alarming new data has emerged on the rate of concussion and other closed-head injuries among the nation’s youth soccer participants.

Fourfold concussion increase
A retrospective analysis using data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System looked at children ages 7 through 17 from 1990 to 2014, and determined a quadrupling of soccer-related concussion/closed-head injury incidence during that time. Almost 3 million children were treated in emergency rooms over the 25-year study period, with the annual overall injury rate per 10,000 soccer participants more than doubling. But the most dramatic gains by far were for head injury: from roughly 2 to 35 per 10,000 participants.

This is the first broad look at soccer injury among youth at a national level. Soccer is an increasingly popular sport in the U.S., and so a rise in the number of injuries is to be expected along with increasing numbers of young participants. The research also shows that players are now being treated more frequently for injuries, which contributes to the rise in documented incidents.

Still, the astonishing 1600% increase in concussion and other closed-head injuries among children 7 to 17 indicates a clear mandate to prevent and treat these injuries with more rigor. And the rise of the travel-soccer circuit means many kids are playing year-round now; this is a crucial time to implement aggressive concussion prevention and rehabilitation strategies as players are being exposed to more injury risk than ever. Unfortunately, disruptions in our basic understanding of proper treatment are also occurring. (continued)

Sports To Live By

The British Journal of Sports Medicine has published findings on longevity that favor specific physical activities. It seems that racquet sports top the list of pastimes associated with a long life, with swimming and aerobics following in second and third place.

The study had over 80,000 adults in the U.K. complete surveys about sports participation, and then followed those individuals for nine years. Over that time, 11% of the subjects died. Those who indicated involvement in racquet sports in the four weeks prior to the survey enjoyed a reduction in all-cause mortality by almost half (47%) compared to those who reported no racquet-sport activity. Swimming reduced all-cause mortality rate by 28%, and aerobics by 27%. Cycling reduced mortality by 15% as compared to no cycling activity.

Racquet sports, swimming, and aerobics were also associated with reductions in cardiovascular mortality. Interestingly, running appeared not to associate with either all-cause or cardiovascular mortality one way or the other. Playing soccer also showed no association with mortality, and cycling was not associated with reduced cardiovascular mortality.

The study authors point out that few runners died during the nine years of follow-up, which could have limited the study's ability to detect associations between running and mortality. It is likely that running is protective against all-cause (and perhaps cardiovascular) mortality, as previous studies have shown of physical activity in general.

The findings help draw a clearer line between specific lifestyle activity and reduced risk of death. It will be interesting to see through future studies the sport-specific epidemiological evidence unfold, possibly leading to more finely tuned recommendations to the public on how to pursue a healthy life.

Br J Sports Med, Published Online November 28, 2016,

editorial board

Kenneth Cooper, MD
Kevin Beck
Jack Daniels, PhD
Randy Eichner, MD
Mary Jo Feeney, MS, RD
Mitchell Goldflies, MD
Paul Kiell, MD
Sarah Harding Laidlaw, MS, RD
Paul Langer, DPM
Douglas Lentz, CSCS
Todd Miller, MD
Gabe Mirkin, MD
Col Francis O’Connor, MD
Stephen Perle, DC, CCSP
Pete Pfitzinger, MS
Charles L. Schulman, MD
Bruce Wilk, PT, OCS
Michael Yessis, PhD
Jeff Venables, Editor

board of directors

Jeff Harbison, President
Bill Young, Secretary-Treasurer
Immediate Past-President
(Vacant) Vice President
Robert Corliss
Charles L. Schulman, MD, AMAA Pres.
AMAA President
Terry Adirim, MD, MPH
Gayle Barron
Sue Golden
Senator Bill Frist, MD
Jeff Galloway
Jeff Harbison
Ronald M. Lawrence, MD, PhD
Jeff Moore
Noel D. Nequin, MD
David Pattillo

Association Staff

Executive Director: Dave Watt
Project Consultant: Barbara Baldwin, MPH

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